Native Pollinators and Integrative Pest Management

Network Meeting Summary

November 4, 2020 

Elaine Sedgman and Kirsten Wourms educated KFPC network members, representatives from partner organizations, staff and contractors on Native Pollinators, Pesticide use, and Integrative Pest Management methods at the virtual November network meeting on November 4, 2020. The meeting kicked off at 5:30 PM with Bonnie Klohn, KFPC Finance and Policy Lead walking the attendees through a brief moment of guided meditation and territorial acknowledgement before opening up the stage for our first speaker, Elaine Sedgman, who delivered a 15 minute presentation and song to the attendees. Following the theme of the meeting, Kirsten Wourms also gave a 15-minute presentation, informing the attendees ways to protect native pollinators through Integrative Pest Management in the City of Kamloops. 

Elaine Sedgman

Elaine Sedgman is the author and illustrator of the children’s book “Osmia Lignaria Pollinator Extraordinaire” popularly known as “A Bee Named BOB.” There are over 20,000 species of bees in the world, 70% of which are solitary. BC is the most bee-diverse province in Canada as it is home to almost 500 of those species however, the popularly known species of bees, the honey bee is not native to North America. Bees native to BC include the  Halictidae “sweat bees”, the biggest family of bees worldwide, which requires open, accessible flowers. The Halictus Farinosus is the most common bee in Kamloops. The Agapostemon Texanus, green sweat bee, the Colletes bee, known to have a golden heart shaped face and the Perdita, comes out in the Spring and Summer. Bees in the Apidae family such as Bumblebees, which are popularly mistaken for Longhorn bees can be found in BC in the Spring. The Melissodes bees are known as sunflower bees as they are attracted to sunflowers and sunflower shapes. 30% of the world’s bees are solitary cavity nesting bees and are all in the Megacilidae family, also known as “hairy belly bees” as they collect pollen on their abdomen. They are long tongue bees so they collect pollen from bell-shaped flowers. These bees nest in hollowed out twigs such as elderberry and raspberry, snail shells and key holes. Osmia lignaria (Blue Orchard Mason bees) are native to North America. Only 1% of the world’s species of bees are social including Honey bees and Bumblebees. Bombus Fervidus is the most populous in BC and their colony size is about 200, lower than that of honey bees. The social bees have no risk of extinction due to human help however, the native bees are subject to extinction due to habitat loss and fragmentation as a result of modern agriculture. Almond orchards are a death zone as a result of increased herbicides and pesticides use. Other farming activities like ploughing and crop rotation limits the resources available to bees such as the Melissodes. In cities, social and communal bees such as Honey bees and Halictidae are known to thrive however, cities are a difficult ground for bees to survive due to the overabundance of lawns and pavements and lack of floral diversity. Plants treated with neonicotinoids are known to kill plants and affect bees. Honey bees deplete available pollen nectar, resources and displace native bees. Climate change has caused an increase in CO2 and a massive decrease in pollen protein required by bees and humans. 

Kirsten Wourms 

Kirsten Wourms is a Natural Resource Crew Leader for the City of Kamloops. Integrative Pest Management is a 5-step program that begins with prevention. Before prevention, all gardens and plants need to build resistance to pests. This is highly dependent on soil fertility, drainage, PH level, organic matter, irrigation systems, plant spacing and plant diversity. 

Step 1- Identification of Pest 

Many times, plants face environmental issues such as drought, flooding, sun scald and nutrient deficiency that might not be caused by pests. Plant, pest, and damage identification is required in the IPM process. This will better inform on the treatment needed to solve the problem (natural enemies & preventive measures)

Step 2 – Monitoring 

The most important step to understand the site conditions, locations, lifecycle and weather. Record species of plants, counts of pests and beneficials and gross stage of plants in the area. 

Step 3 – Determine the Acceptable Injury Level 

This will determine the tolerance level. Eradication might be detrimental for beneficial pests and as such, we need to strike a balance between management and eradication.

Step 4 – Action 

Chemical control should be used as a last resort and after proper research and consultation. Cultural means of prevention such as plant selection, pruning, sanitation, crop rotation and design should be the first step in the process of pest management. Physical and Mechanical means of prevention include screens, mowing, heat applicators, weed barriers such as mulch mats to prevent birds, copper strips and beer, to prevent slugs. Action should be used in conjunction with monitoring as it informs on what lifecycle or season that certain mechanical traps can be used. Biological in the City of Kamloops include matching the pest with its natural predators through trials and 10 -20 year studies before released to ensure native pollinators are protected. 

Step 5 – Evaluation  

Evaluation helps to identify way to improve and assess the costs and benefits to ensure negative effects are minimized 

What is the City Doing? 

  • Pesticide & Spraying Reduction
  • Biological Solutions for Knapweeds –  Russian Olives, ToadFlax & Houndstongue
  • Hand Pulling  – Group “Adopt a Tail” for weed pulls 

Member, Staff/Contractor Announcements 

  • Farewell to Sandra Frangiadakis 
  • Farm to School is collaborating with SFU on a 3-year research project (evaluation framework) to engage schools and farmers in rural, remote and urban areas of BC to understand the barriers and opportunities for engagement and develop a better model for local food procurement and food literacy in farm to school programs 
  • Outdoor Farmers Market season ended and new indoor location at Purity Feeds (471 Okanagan Way, Kamloops, BC V2H 1G7). Saturdays from 10 AM to 2 PM until December 19
  • Glenn Hilke thanks farmers at the Farmers Market for takeaway meals and donations to the Loop/Meal Train
    • JUMP program taking a sabbatical from donation pick up from Farmers Market and requires an organization to continue. JUMP willing to train organization

Resources

  • Elaine’s Recommendations to the City of Kamloops. In the city of Kamloops, trees should be replaced with bee-friendly flowers as shade trees reduce bee forage 
  • From the Masters Gardeners Association:
  • A Bee Named BOB, Elaine Sedgman, Bee Stories Publishing, 2019 – Information about BOBs, Bee Nesting Boxes and Care
  • Mason Bees – Read More  Read More 
  • Natural Insect Weed and Disease Control by Linda Gilkeson.Read Here  

Next Network Meeting: December 2, 2020

Board Update
A memorandum of understanding has been signed between the Farm to School program and KFPC. And congratulations are in order for Bonnie Klohn, who will be the new Farm to School Kamloops Animator!

Another Community Food Research Alliance meeting was facilitated with increased attendance and action items.

Bonnie, Sandra and Carole presented a United Way proposal to the Community Impact Council.

Bylaws are being updated and the Board is delighted with the names that have been coming forward in the Board nomination process in preparation for the AGM on August 1. The Board also supported staff in the recruitment and selection of the Social Enterprise Coordinator and summer student positions.

KFPC confirmed our role as a community partner with the 2018 Wild Salmon Caravan (WSC). The WSC, which raises consciousness about the spirit of this keystone species through arts and culture, will have three stops, ending in Chase on September 29. The theme this year is Mermaids and water people. KFPC will support the Chase feast, promote the Chase parade and possibly facilitate transportation to the parade.

Farm to Chef’s Grazing Event, an annual fundraiser, takes place at Stuart Wood on August 26. KFPC will be the recipient of the fundraiser.

Acknowledgements
KFPC was saddened to hear of Elmer King’s passing on May 15. JUMP will be organizing a celebration of life later in June. In Elmer’s honour, Street Scene has been renamed The Big Edition and the inaugural summer edition will be released on July 1.

Staff Update
A big welcome is extended to Greg Unger (pictured at the top of the newsletter!), the new Social Enterprise Coordinator, as well as a thank you to the City of Kamloops for supporting social enterprise through the Social Enterprise Accelerator Program. KFPC will be working with Purrpl (Purposeful People out of Kelowna) to develop a business plan. The plan is to take a portion of gleaned fruit, make it shelf stable, and sell it to the Boys and Girls Club. Down the road, the intention is to also have a retail stream. Another component of the program is to provide food literacy workshops through harvesting, food processing, reducing food waste, and garden tours.

KFPC, the Food Bank, ICS and the City of Kamloops is working on a Food Insecurity Forum, which will focus on actions to help people who are hungry, advocacy and research.

A joint grant application with ICS was successful, which means there will be more food literacy workshops.

GAP would like to send a friendly reminder to send pickable trees and volunteers our way. Interested people can also contact GAP for community presentations: gleaningabundance@gmail.com

KFPC plans to build a float for the Wild Salmon Caravan using a utility trailer. Anyone inspired by merpeople or trout children and being a part of the float? Contact us to be a part of a float crew: kamloopsfoodpolicy@gmail.com.

It was exciting for the Seed Library to fill out its first intake and receive heirloom edamame seeds into the library. Read all about it here.

Community Spotlight Presentation
Interior Community Services (ICS) Program Update

ICS and KFPC have aligned missions, so it’s fantastic to hear about all that they are involved with right now. ICS is the first Community Food Centre in BC (there are only 12 in Canada). Their focus is on whole, unprocessed, healthy food and kids programming to develop knowledge and skills to grow, cook, harvest and glean food.

In 2017/18, ICS has been carrying out a capital campaign and they are expanding the kitchen/garden and renovating the centre over the summer. With 42 programs, this seems very necessary! Here is a summary of the food-related programs that ICS offers:

Community Kitchens – there is both a drop in program with local resources or a culinary series program that runs for 6 – 12 weeks.

Kids – for kids under 13 years old, there are one-stop drop in programs and 6 – 10 week programs. During the summer, YMCA Camp Days run, using the main hall, kitchen and garden. During the school year, School District 73 will also be involved with the Food Centre.

Food Access – programs that fit in with this involve the Food Bank and Food Recovery, as well as food collected at the Farmers’ Market. The Garden is available for kitchen programming.

Better at Home – works with people who are over 65 years old on low income. The Food Bank hamper delivers to 21 clients and the grocery shopping with free delivery has 86 shoppers. The Farmers’ Market coupon program coincides with a Friday tea where participants can pick up the coupons. This program, with a capacity of 35 people, is almost full with only 3 spaces left.

One of the gaps ICS is trying to fill is to fundraise for and develop programming meaningful for youth.

In terms of partnerships, ICS provides tailor made workshops (e.g., team building) and presentations to community groups. Some of the volunteering opportunities with ICS include helping in the garden, food processing, helping with hampers, yard maintenance, and informing the community of where Mount Paul Community Food Centre is and what they do.

For more information about Mount Paul Community Food Centre and their programs, visit their website.

Events

Farmers’ Market 40th Anniversary
June 23
Cake cutting and speeches at 10 AM

Walk for Peace, Environment & Social Justice at NOON
Rock the Walk from 1 – 8 PM
June 23
Riverside Park Bandshell
Food trucks, artisan vendors, children’s activities, community info booths, and live music!

KFPC AGM
August 1, 5:30 – 7:30
Gardengate

Farm to Chefs Grazing Event
August 26, 2 – 5

Wild Salmon Caravan
September 29
Parade in Chase

Announcements
Grow a Row has started through the Kamloops Food Bank.

JUMP also mentioned that they will be starting a Pick a Weed Program at the JUMP plot on Elm and Tranquille. When you’re walking by, take a moment to pull a week or two.

Who’s Who
ahhYay Wellness Café
Artisan Farm Village
Breastfeeding Matters in Kamloops
City of Kamloops
JUMP
Kamloops City Council
Kamloops Food Bank
KFPC
Kamloops Naturalist Club
Kamloops Organic Buying Club
Kamloops Regional Farmers’ Market
Lived Experience Committee
Live Love Laugh Wellness Gardens
Mount Paul Community Church
My Place Drop In
Permaculture Kamloops
The Big Edition
UBCO

Next Meeting: July 4, 2018, 5:30 – 7:30 PM
Chair: Lindsay Harris
Notetaker: Michelle Tsutsumi
Set Up: Gabrielle Bray, Natasha Lyndon
Take Down: Sandra Frangiadakis, Greg Unger, Glenn Hilke, Deanna Hurstfield

March 7, 2018 Network Meeting Summary

Board Update
– We are celebrating our biggest group yet at 45 people today!
– The new strategic plan is being operationalized in purposeful and concrete ways. It is exciting to have a strong document to guide us through the next five years.

Staff Update
– Expect to see monthly newsletters after the inaugural launch in February.
– March was the first of what will be monthly articles in the Connector (page 3), providing a regular feature on food security. Rotating guest writers will provide the articles each month.
– The most recent world cuisine workshop was full and focused on Indian dishes. Keep your eyes open for upcoming cooking sessions!
– Bonnie is in the thick of grant writing season and several applications have been submitted in partnership with the City of Kamloops and Interior Community Services, in addition to the grants solely submitted by KFPC. Read more

Due to sketchy winter driving conditions, Emily Jubenvill’s presentation was re-scheduled for our April 4 Network Meeting. With this change in plans, it provided the space for Network members to share about the good work they are doing. It was remarkable and inspiring to hear about all that is happening in the Kamloops region.

There was a particular focus on volunteer needs in the community (see the Get Involved section below), as well as an array of events and announcements.

Board Update

The KFPC is looking to increase the number of Directors from six so that capacity is expanded to keep up with the growth of KFPC. There is a nomination process that involves an application form which will be available on the website soon. The Board meets monthly with the expectation that Board Directors attend at least four Network Meetings per year. There is also a need to stay on top of communications and participate in committee(s) and working group(s). Board Directors can expect to spend 8 – 10 hours per month on Board duties.

Those with experience in policy development, entrepreneurial skills, or direct farm experience would be most welcome so that there is a broader representation from the food system community. Read more

Kamloops Food Policy Council and Interior Community Services Updates

During the territory acknowledgement, Bonnie was invited to teach the group a couple of Secwepemc words, as she is taking Secwepemctsin this term from Secwepemc elder, Mona Jules.

Weyt-k – hello
Sqlelten7úwi – salmon Read more

Our last meeting our biggest ever with over 40 people in attendance, and a phenomenal potluck!

We learned a lot about the some of the work that is happening in our community to help provide resources and support to those who are struggling against homelessness. Specifically, we heard about the My Place program, the Life Skills Network and the Lived Experience Committee from Glenn Hilke and Cynthia Travers.
We also heard from Lindsay Harris who is a researcher at UBCO working with the Kamloops Food Policy Council on her PhD dissertation.
Finally, Hannah Juras shared information about Serve, a program that will give non-profits an opportunity to have a group of youth volunteers next summer from July 1st through 7th.
There are attachments in the meeting minutes that provide more information about all of these important and helpful programs and initiatives, so please check it out here: Nov 1, 2017 KFPC Minutes
See you on December 6th.

Read more

October is Farm to School month, and we heard from Paul Denby (teacher at Arthur Hatton Elementary) and Vessy Mochikas (principal at Brock Middle School) about what they are doing through their Farm to School BC programs at each of their schools, it was very inspirational!

Check out the minutes from our last meeting, and we look forward to seeing you at the November 1 meeting!

KFPC Minutes Oct 4, 2017