Native Pollinators and Integrative Pest Management

Network Meeting Summary

November 4, 2020 

Elaine Sedgman and Kirsten Wourms educated KFPC network members, representatives from partner organizations, staff and contractors on Native Pollinators, Pesticide use, and Integrative Pest Management methods at the virtual November network meeting on November 4, 2020. The meeting kicked off at 5:30 PM with Bonnie Klohn, KFPC Finance and Policy Lead walking the attendees through a brief moment of guided meditation and territorial acknowledgement before opening up the stage for our first speaker, Elaine Sedgman, who delivered a 15 minute presentation and song to the attendees. Following the theme of the meeting, Kirsten Wourms also gave a 15-minute presentation, informing the attendees ways to protect native pollinators through Integrative Pest Management in the City of Kamloops. 

Elaine Sedgman

Elaine Sedgman is the author and illustrator of the children’s book “Osmia Lignaria Pollinator Extraordinaire” popularly known as “A Bee Named BOB.” There are over 20,000 species of bees in the world, 70% of which are solitary. BC is the most bee-diverse province in Canada as it is home to almost 500 of those species however, the popularly known species of bees, the honey bee is not native to North America. Bees native to BC include the  Halictidae “sweat bees”, the biggest family of bees worldwide, which requires open, accessible flowers. The Halictus Farinosus is the most common bee in Kamloops. The Agapostemon Texanus, green sweat bee, the Colletes bee, known to have a golden heart shaped face and the Perdita, comes out in the Spring and Summer. Bees in the Apidae family such as Bumblebees, which are popularly mistaken for Longhorn bees can be found in BC in the Spring. The Melissodes bees are known as sunflower bees as they are attracted to sunflowers and sunflower shapes. 30% of the world’s bees are solitary cavity nesting bees and are all in the Megacilidae family, also known as “hairy belly bees” as they collect pollen on their abdomen. They are long tongue bees so they collect pollen from bell-shaped flowers. These bees nest in hollowed out twigs such as elderberry and raspberry, snail shells and key holes. Osmia lignaria (Blue Orchard Mason bees) are native to North America. Only 1% of the world’s species of bees are social including Honey bees and Bumblebees. Bombus Fervidus is the most populous in BC and their colony size is about 200, lower than that of honey bees. The social bees have no risk of extinction due to human help however, the native bees are subject to extinction due to habitat loss and fragmentation as a result of modern agriculture. Almond orchards are a death zone as a result of increased herbicides and pesticides use. Other farming activities like ploughing and crop rotation limits the resources available to bees such as the Melissodes. In cities, social and communal bees such as Honey bees and Halictidae are known to thrive however, cities are a difficult ground for bees to survive due to the overabundance of lawns and pavements and lack of floral diversity. Plants treated with neonicotinoids are known to kill plants and affect bees. Honey bees deplete available pollen nectar, resources and displace native bees. Climate change has caused an increase in CO2 and a massive decrease in pollen protein required by bees and humans. 

Kirsten Wourms 

Kirsten Wourms is a Natural Resource Crew Leader for the City of Kamloops. Integrative Pest Management is a 5-step program that begins with prevention. Before prevention, all gardens and plants need to build resistance to pests. This is highly dependent on soil fertility, drainage, PH level, organic matter, irrigation systems, plant spacing and plant diversity. 

Step 1- Identification of Pest 

Many times, plants face environmental issues such as drought, flooding, sun scald and nutrient deficiency that might not be caused by pests. Plant, pest, and damage identification is required in the IPM process. This will better inform on the treatment needed to solve the problem (natural enemies & preventive measures)

Step 2 – Monitoring 

The most important step to understand the site conditions, locations, lifecycle and weather. Record species of plants, counts of pests and beneficials and gross stage of plants in the area. 

Step 3 – Determine the Acceptable Injury Level 

This will determine the tolerance level. Eradication might be detrimental for beneficial pests and as such, we need to strike a balance between management and eradication.

Step 4 – Action 

Chemical control should be used as a last resort and after proper research and consultation. Cultural means of prevention such as plant selection, pruning, sanitation, crop rotation and design should be the first step in the process of pest management. Physical and Mechanical means of prevention include screens, mowing, heat applicators, weed barriers such as mulch mats to prevent birds, copper strips and beer, to prevent slugs. Action should be used in conjunction with monitoring as it informs on what lifecycle or season that certain mechanical traps can be used. Biological in the City of Kamloops include matching the pest with its natural predators through trials and 10 -20 year studies before released to ensure native pollinators are protected. 

Step 5 – Evaluation  

Evaluation helps to identify way to improve and assess the costs and benefits to ensure negative effects are minimized 

What is the City Doing? 

  • Pesticide & Spraying Reduction
  • Biological Solutions for Knapweeds –  Russian Olives, ToadFlax & Houndstongue
  • Hand Pulling  – Group “Adopt a Tail” for weed pulls 

Member, Staff/Contractor Announcements 

  • Farewell to Sandra Frangiadakis 
  • Farm to School is collaborating with SFU on a 3-year research project (evaluation framework) to engage schools and farmers in rural, remote and urban areas of BC to understand the barriers and opportunities for engagement and develop a better model for local food procurement and food literacy in farm to school programs 
  • Outdoor Farmers Market season ended and new indoor location at Purity Feeds (471 Okanagan Way, Kamloops, BC V2H 1G7). Saturdays from 10 AM to 2 PM until December 19
  • Glenn Hilke thanks farmers at the Farmers Market for takeaway meals and donations to the Loop/Meal Train
    • JUMP program taking a sabbatical from donation pick up from Farmers Market and requires an organization to continue. JUMP willing to train organization

Resources

  • Elaine’s Recommendations to the City of Kamloops. In the city of Kamloops, trees should be replaced with bee-friendly flowers as shade trees reduce bee forage 
  • From the Masters Gardeners Association:
  • A Bee Named BOB, Elaine Sedgman, Bee Stories Publishing, 2019 – Information about BOBs, Bee Nesting Boxes and Care
  • Mason Bees – Read More  Read More 
  • Natural Insect Weed and Disease Control by Linda Gilkeson.Read Here  

Next Network Meeting: December 2, 2020

How close are we to having a regenerative, just and sovereign food system in Kamloops?

 

Please join us at our virtual network meeting on Wednesday June 10th from 5:30pm-7:00pm when Emily Pletsch will be presenting her research results on an Assessment of the Kamloops Food System. Following, we will pose discussion questions and have an opportunity to provide feedback on the research.
You can preview the research results we will be discussing during the meeting here.

You can register for the meeting here. The meeting will be recorded for the purpose of gathering and analyzing your feedback. We look forward to seeing you!


March 4, 2020

Network Meeting Summary

Thank you to Emily Pletsch and Keira McPhee for
collaborating on the network meeting summary!

Our fullest house yet took in a Panel Discussion with Dawn Morrison, Joanne Taylor and Ananda Lee Tan on climate chaos mitigation, particularly relating to water. All three panelists presented on the current climate crisis and the importance of having Indigenous voices as key navigators in dealing with this crisis. The critical role water plays in Indigenous Food Sovereignty was presented, as well as the impact water has on all biodiversity and food availability. Each panelist presented on their work and importance of making substantial shifts and transformations in our current system to deal with the climate crisis.

Dawn Morrison

Dawn Morrison is the founder and curator of the Working Group on Indigenous Food Sovereignty since 2006. Food sovereignty requires healthy territory and a diversity of species. Its paradigm moves away from the present production narrative, and resource extraction as the base of our economy, to a solidarity or sharing economy. It is clear that existing systems can’t deal with the complexity.

The working group launched the Indigenous Food and Freedom School in 2019. The school was created to build capacity , build Indigenous leadership, and address underlying issues. Other focus areas of the school include creating emancipatory learning materials, policy primers, alternative economic development, and working with natural water flow systems–not against them. Dawn spoke to the importance of protecting water, a concept expressed through yecwemenetkwe in Secwepemctsin, and the vital role water plays in Indigenous Food Sovereignty.

Water rights are a part of the land and this is complicated by multi-jurisdictional challenges, wherein various levels of government districts don’t overlap with the watersheds. When questions or issues arise, no one will take on the responsibility of addressing it. An example of this is playing out on the Neskonlith reserve where there is no Indigenous access to water for irrigation and access to the Neskonlith Lake dam is on private land. A second example discussed the Imperial Mines disaster at Mount Polley — the corporation has not been held accountable for reparation (and continues to operate with government approval).

Dawn discussed shifting the narrative and creating ethical spaces of engagement, posing the questions: How can Indigenous law interface with the changes that are needed? How can Indigenous Peoples be the voices of this change? Ethical spaces of engagement means recognizing and acting from an awareness that Indigenous peoples on the front lines of the eco-crisis/climate change (e.g., stopping pipelines, industrial agriculture, forestry where glyphosate is sprayed) are also the most vulnerable according to all of the social determinants of health.

Dawn presented a Cross Cultural Interface Framework: Decolonizing Food Systems Research and Relationships, that helps identify land/food strategies that are complementary with Indigenous Food Sovereignty (e.g., hunting, fishing, trading, gardening, small scale farming). The framework reveals strategies that show how Indigenous law and governance interface with the changes that are needed. It also reveals contradictions via wicked questions, which can open up potential for transformation when considered intentionally.

Joanne Taylor

Joanne Taylor is a post doctoral research fellow in agricultural climate change adaptation and policy at UBCO. Joanne presented her research on the impacts of colonialism in the Creston Valley in British Columbia. Joanne spoke to the land’s history of providing abundant food sources for Indigenous communities over millennia. Current development in the area has ongoing detrimental impacts on biodiversity and food procurement. Joanne spoke to the devastating environmental impacts of these developments and the ongoing expansions, which continue to subordinate Indigenous peoples and their decision making. Joanne spoke to the upcoming 2024 Columbia River Treaty discussions and the importance of having Indigenous peoples as leading decision makers because an inherent sacred responsibility for the land exists among Indigenous peoples.

Ananda Lee Tan

Ananda has been supporting global social movements for over 30 years. Ananda is a co-founder of the Climate Justice Alliance and a member of the Working Group on Indigenous Food Sovereignty. Ananda spoke to the knowledge of those who walked before us and using this knowledge to understand how to tackle climate issues (through climate justice solutions, just transition, and a solidarity economy). Ananda spoke to the BC climate change risk assessment and presented three critiques:

  1. the assessment does not center the voices of those communities and cultures who are most impacted and therefore have experience (Ananda shared a story of two men standing on a beach watching a tsunami approach. One is a scientist who runs off in one direction and the other is a fisherman who runs in the other direction — who would you follow?),
  2. the issues addressed are limited (“carbon reductionism”) and do not recognize innate connections (nature is zero waste), such as the loss of biodiversity, culture, and title, and
  3. the assessment does not acknowledge the root drivers of this crisis, which are global mega-corporations. We need to remember that there are names and faces responsible for this climate crisis — which is where our efforts need to be focused. Our individual strategies to mitigate waste are not responsible for driving the climate crisis (this only accounts for 8% of waste, whereas corporate waste/extraction/destruction/pollution accounts for the rest).

Ananda spoke to the current “dig, burn, drive, dump” economy and the current system operating on greed rather than community. He also shared a cautionary tale about how movements can be co-opted by the agenda of industry. An example was provided where methane was being held up as an excellent alternative fuel — a campaign that was taken up by Greenpeace. This was an example of accepting money from philanthropists to focus on strategies that are devised by the oil and gas industry. When Ananda took this strategy to La Via Campesina, they were able to call it out right away.

Ananda spoke to a just transition and posed the questions: What is the economy we need to create? Where are the jobs that serve the environment? Where are the real jobs?

Next Meeting: Wednesday, April 1st,  5:30-7:30
Updates from Robyn & Emily (regarding KFPC’s value statements) and Bonnie (regarding a project happening with nursing students)

Chair: Glenn Hilke
Set Up:
Clean Up:

Our decision to focus a network meeting on climate chaos and its impact on water was prompted by the release of the province’s strategic climate risk assessment:
https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/adaptation/risk-assessment

We want to create the time and space to explore climate action related to water, while also aligning our strategies of climate justice to the broader scope and scale of Secwepemc food sovereignty. We are grateful to have Dawn Morrison, Joanne Taylor, and Ananda Lee Tan joining us for this critical and timely discussion (and action!).

Dawn Morrison
Founder/Curator of the Working Group on Indigenous Food Sovereignty

Dawn is of Secwepemc ancestry and is the Founder/Curator of the Working Group on Indigenous Food Sovereignty. Since 1983, Dawn has worked and studied horticulture, ethno-botany, adult education, and restoration of natural systems in formal institutions as well as through her own personal healing and learning journey. Following the years she spent teaching Aboriginal Adult Basic Education, Dawn has been dedicating her time and energy to land based healing and learning which led her to her life’s work of realizing herself more fully as a developing spirit aligned leader in the Indigenous food sovereignty movement. Dawn has consistently organized and held the space over the last 13 years for decolonizing food systems discourse in community, regional and international networks and has become internationally recognized as a published author. Dawn’s work on the Decolonizing Research and Relationships is focused on creating a critical pathway of consciousness, that shines a light on the cross-cultural interface where Indigenous Food Sovereignty meets, social justice, climate change and food systems research, action and adaptive policy, planning and governance. Some of the projects Dawn is curating include: Wild Salmon Caravan, Indigenous Food and Freedom School, and Dismantling Structural Racism in the Food System.


Joanne Taylor
Post Doctoral Research Fellow in Agricultural Climate Change

Adaptation and Policy @ UBCO

Dr. Joanne Taylor is an environmental anthropologist and political ecologist. Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Dr. Taylor’s doctoral research investigates food security and food sovereignty in the Creston Valley of British Columbia during the renegotiation of the bilateral Columbia River Treaty.  Joanne is currently a SSHRC Post Doctoral Fellow at The University of British Columbia where she is conducting research in agricultural adaptation to climate change in the Cariboo and Okanagan Regions of B.C.  She continues to explore the effects of climate change on food systems while also analysing the effects of industrial agriculture on climate change.

Network Meeting Summary
February 5, 2020

Board Report and Staff Report

In January, the board and staff had the privilege of taking part in a second workshop with Dawn Morrison about Indigenous Food Sovereignty and we look forward to integrating this knowledge into our work.

Some board members and staff are planning to participate in the City of Kamloops upcoming public consultation for the Community Climate Action Plan. The date for the public consultation has not been announced yet.

Staff and contractors are currently doing some shifting of organizational duties to place a greater emphasis on grant writing and fundraising. Staff and contractor presence might seem a bit limited for the upcoming month or so as Sandra is away on vacation and Bonnie is busy focusing her time on grant writing.

Other things staff and contractors are up to…

  • Michelle will be part of a panel discussion on expanding regional agricultural supports at the Island Agriculture Show in Duncan tomorrow (February 6). This stems from the policy implementation project that launched the Food Hub pilot and more recently started discussing the formation of a Farmers Institute.
  • Bonnie will be a panelist at the Economic Unity Conference, hosted by Community Future Development Corporation of Central Interior First Nations, here in Kamloops on February 20-21
  • Sandra is recruiting a KFPC team to help Kamloops Reach at the May 17th PitStop meal. Watch for her article in the Connector. Contact Sandra if you would like to be involved.
  • The Food Hub pilot wrapped up and the report was completed. The team is awaiting the release of the next stage of funding to continue the development of this project.
  • KFPC is a community partner for a 2-Day Food Business Planning Workshop on Feb 10 & 11 at the United Church: This is an excellent opportunity for local food businesses:
    • The workshop is ideal for micro, small, and medium-sized food processors looking to improve and/or expand their operations, as well as farmers looking to create value-added products.
    • It is a 9 module workshop series that covers: business planning, marketing, product development, financial planning, quality management, packaging, production & costing, logistics, and resources & networking.
    • Cost for the 2 day workshop is $100 per participant
    • Check out the Blog section of the KFPC website for more information.

Community News & Updates

  • Farmers’ Market archives need help sorting: February & March. Contact wed@kamloopsfarmersmarket.com
  • Naturalist Club wants to host workshops and educational resources for Kamloops residents regarding personal land management to support species biodiversity and climate change resilience. Contact kamloopswildgrowers@gmail.com
  • Shelaigh provided updates on the Qwemtsin Health and Skeetchestn Food Forest projects, as well as celebrating the recent completion of a Permaculture Design Certificate course.
  • Two NorKam students shared about their Fridays for Future events, organizing climate strikes, and the NorKam Environmental and Upcycling Club. Composting has started at NorKam. This is a passionate group of students!
  • Carole shared a thought provoking poem.
  • Diane, the Mount Paul Community Food Centre’s Food Literacy Coordinator shared about new kids’ programs and a new Food Sense program coming soon, as well as a more formalized garden program that will include kids’ programming.

Next Meeting: Wednesday, March 4, 5:30 – 7:30
**Panel Discussion with Dawn Morrison and Joanne Taylor on climate chaos mitigation, particularly relating to water**

Set up: Rob W, Diane M
Clean up: Ben C, Carole H
Note taker: Emily P

Network Meeting Summary
December 4, 2019

Secwepemc word of the month – alt = become frozen

Board and staff update:

  • We are moving offices to the XChange in the Station building, but will still have the network meetings in the same place
  • We will be working with several groups of TRU students in the new year!
  • Sandra attended a Seed conference, and is looking forward to continuing with our seed library

Community Spotlight: Theory of Change Overview and Activity

Bonnie and Robyn presented an overview of KFPC’s vision and values that was developed with the network, as well as the theory of change graphic. There was an opportunity for people to respond to the following questions:

  • How does big picture change happen?
  • What is your role in creating change? 
  • What are the levers/steps needed to get there?

We asked for input on the graphic in three ways: words, drawings and creatively through poems, colours, feelings, etc.

Here are the results:

 

Announcements:

  • Film society is hosting free family films! Check it out.
  • Margaret is looking for collaborators for a Community Climate Action Festival in the spring that will include food, workshops, dancing and fun. If you are interested in getting involved, contact margaret.f.huff@gmail.com

Next Meeting: **There is no meeting in January**

February 5, 2020
5:30 – 7:30 PM

Join us at the December Network Meeting and hear about our exploration of the food system through a mycelium metaphor (it’s quite amazing!). It’s a helpful visual for how we can strengthen our food system and we’d love your input.

December 4
5:30 – 7:30
Mount Paul Community Food Centre
140 Laburnum Street

**If you’d like to, bring a dish to share in our legendary potluck**

Network Meeting Summary
November 6, 2019

Secwepemc Word of the Month

k̓wséltkten (k-wuh-sel-t-n)= Family

Board Update
– KFPC Board and Contractors attended a workshop facilitated by Dawn Morrison, Founder and Research Curator of the Working Group on Indigenous Food Sovereignty. This workshop started the discussion to decolonize the food system by shifting from the production paradigm to more integration with the ecosystem and traditional land management systems. Discussions around cross-cultural protocol, as well as points of complementarity and tension were also started.
– Within the Interior Health Community Food Action Initiative, a theory of change is being developed that will help to frame ways to impact our food system.

Staff Update
– December’s network meeting will be a presentation of the above-mentioned theory of change, which is based on a metaphor of mycelium, and illustrates how we’re going to strengthen our food system.
– The Gleaning Abundance Program was a challenging season with very little of the fruit that we are used to seeing in Kamloops. Mariana did a great job taking on the Coordinator role this year! GAP has applied for funding for a new van for next season. Wish us luck!
– KFPC has joined a Food Policy Council Communications Working Group meeting monthly that is hosted by the John Hopkins Communications Centre.

Community Spotlight ~ Food Hub Model Presentation
For the background information related to the Food Innovation and Processing Hub, please visit the Food Hub web page. Here are some highlights from the Food Hub presentation:

  • Assets in the community: strong market for local food, interest in diversified and green economy, appetite for innovation.
  • Gaps in the community: lack of facilities/infrastructure, shortage of abattoirs, high costs, barriers to selling and scaling up, limited capacity to do value-added.
  • Potential partnerships: Gardengate, TRU Culinary Arts and more
  • Working on how local is defined for this project. It could mean Kamloops and region, TNRD, Secwepemcul’ecw.
  • Proposed model: distributed food hub network would have coordinator support, partnerships and multi-purpose facilities, balancing economic development with social and community outcomes.
  • Phased approach: Phase I – Coordination and mentorship; Phase II – Partnerships for facilities; Phase III – Larger, dedicated processing facilities.

The rest of the discussion was related to key questions that the food hub pilot project is still working out. Folks who attended the network meeting were able to provide their input to the food hub vision through small table conversations, each table having their own area of focus.

Announcements
– The Big E latest edition is War, Peace, Immigration. December’s issue will focus on Food & Beverage.
– Indoor Winter Market is running on Wednesdays from 10 – 2 at St. Andrew’s on the Square until December 18. It will resume on January 22 and go until the end of March. Applications are available on the Kamloops Farmers Market website.
– Kamloops Permaculture is hosting November’s Films for Change screening of Need to Grow at Barber Centre (HOL 190) on November 27, 7 PM.

Upcoming Events
Check out our Events Calendar on the KFPC website.

Next Meeting: December 4, 2019, 5:30 – 7:30
@ Mount Paul Community Food Centre
140 Laburnum Street

Chair: Jesse
Set Up: Mike K.
Clean Up: Shelaigh, Bonnie


Network Meeting Summary

October 2, 2019

Community Spotlight ~ Food Hub Meet & Greet
The evening started with questions from Mount Paul Community Food Centre and Kamloops Food Policy Council, followed by questions from the floor. Terry Lake – Liberal (TL), Iain Currie – Green (IC), and Kira Cheeseborough – Animal Protection Party (KC) joined us to speak to how their parties address food related issues.

Access to healthy, culturally appropriate food
TL – Feeding a global community is a very challenging thing. Innovations in food production have kept up but some practices are environmentally damaging/detrimental. It’s important to focus on sustainability of food production, utilizing resources in the best economic way. Supportive of food banks and the good work they are doing. Focus on local production, low cost healthy food and work to reduce the stigma of needing to access the food bank.

IC – The Green Party plans to partner with the provinces to create guaranteed livable income, which would help to address poverty and food insecurity. It’s concerning that we still need food banks and it’s something the government should help out with. It is a human right to have food security. Don’t talk about band-aids, we need to solve the problem.

KC – Having lived experience with food insecurity, reforming the current food systems is key (e.g., animal agriculture is environmentally destructive). Phasing away from animal agriculture and removing dairy from diet will be key. Animal Protection Party also looks at universal basic income to help people access nutritious fruit and vegetables. Require retailers to donate food to food banks and emergency food providers.

What priorities from the National Food Policy does your party address? What do you think is missing from this list?
TL – Incentivizing innovation and technology in Northern areas is essential. Universal basic income and affordable food would also increase access to healthy food for people.

IC – The national school lunch program, an already existing program, could be funded more through the federal government, which would be a win (agriculture sector) – win (health outcomes) – win (educational outcomes) situation. Something that is missing from the National Food Policy is greening the food system and policies, moving away from industrial agriculture to local, organic agriculture. The Green Party has a two-page platform on food security.

KC – Prioritizing food access and mandating grocers to donate to food banks would be key priorities. Something that is missing is rather than growing food to feed 58 billion animals for human diets, we need to phase out animal agriculture to feed humans directly.

Would you ask your party to embed cost sharing for the universal healthy school food program AND fund it?
KC – It’s so important for schools to teach growing and cooking food. Yes and yes.

IC – Yes and yes.

TL – Was a part of the provincial government that brought in Farmers’ Market coupon program. Prioritizing funding for school food program would happen. It’s key to educate youth regarding healthy, nutritious food.

How would you speed up the process to prohibit neonicotinoids from use?
TL – Pollinator colony collapse is a concern and needs a lot of research quickly. Led by evidence in decision-making, there is a platform to review Canadian Environmental Protection Agency management process.

IC – Precautionary principle would be brought in here: banning use of neonicotinoids until research proves it’s safe. Although there is not a neonic ban in the Green Party platform, Iain would push the Greens and parliament to use the precautionary principle.

KC – Animal Protection Party has nothing specific to neonicotinoids, however they do have something regarding biocyclic agriculture: organic agriculture that uses no animal products or pesticides. Banning neonics would fit into this.

Food insecurity is reduced if rental housing is lowered. How does your party propose to make rental housing accessible/affordable?
IC – Reintroduce policy from the 70’s/80’s to encourage rentals through CMHC lower cost financing to co-op housing and approve more suites/rental units.

TL – The federal Liberal Party has been investing in people through the Child Household Tax Benefit and a national household strategy. As a society, we need to destigmatize that renting is bad, encourage building of rental housing, and incentivize increasing rentals.

KC – Bring in rent control legislation, prevent gentrification, stop capital investors who are looking for profit over need, and subsidized housing for seniors, students, and those living on fixed income.

Indigenous food sources are at risk because they are not protected. What will you do to protect the undergrowth and wild food sources?
TL – Combine Indigenous knowledge with protecting natural land. One successful example is how undergrowth and mushroom harvesting was managed after the Skeetchestn Elephant Hill fire. This model could be exported across Canada.

IC – Root solutions: Indigenous sovereignty over land and food sources. Government can get out of the way of Indigenous peoples taking sovereignty over their lands and food production. Change forestry practices so that Roundup and clearcuting are not being used. Develop a national forestry strategy and take seriously Indigenous sovereignty over food.

KC – Return land sovereignty to Indigenous peoples. The current government is from a system of colonizing and eradicating peoples from homes. Need to stop extractive industries (forestry, mining, pipelines) and pesticide use, and work alongside Indigenous peoples to protect 50% of land and coastal areas. Freeing up land by moving away from animal agriculture and returning to Indigenous peoples.

Terry Lake, if I vote for you, how would you be different than what happened under Christy Clark’s government?
TL – During that time in provincial government, I advocated for increased income assistance as this was a coalition of Liberals and Conservatives. Over the last two years, I’ve been working to prevent opioid deaths. I believe in free enterprise and also helping vulnerable people. I re-entered politics to help. The Federal Liberals are working hard on truth and reconciliation.

We live in a rich country, but we are failing because everyone doesn’t have two meals per day. Many people have no income/no home. Medicine Hat houses everyone.
IC – Housing First Solution: properly fund housing; guaranteed livable income. There is a government responsibility to fix this and can pay for this with more taxes (e.g., a wealth tax, big business, remove oil and gas subsidy, tax on Facebook and digital communications). With this tax structure, government could finance social justice, mental health, and addiction.

KC – Housing first models work. Universal basic income and prioritizing subsidized housing would be key. Housing shouldn’t be on a market, but as a basic right, therefore prevent gentrification and capital investors. A profit driven society means some people are seen as more deserving.

Announcements
– October 16, Bowls for Souls, Fundraiser for Sensational Soups on World Hunger Day. Get your tickets on Eventbrite: $15 for the meal, $25 includes a handcrafted pottery bowl (donated by the Kamloops Arts & Crafts Club) that you can take home with you.
– The Big Edition, latest edition, was on offer at the meeting. An independent, commercial free newspaper that started in January that offers an alternative to panhandling. The December issue is all about food, so send in your contributions.

Upcoming Events – Save the Dates & Get Tix!
Check out our Events Calendar on the KFPC website. Help us to keep our community informed by posting events to the website calendar. Scroll down on our home page until you find it!

Who’s Who
Animal Protection Party
BC Food Security Gateway
Food Bank
Green Party
Harvest to Home
Kamloops Food Policy Council
Lived Experience Committee
Open Door Group Gardengate
PIT Stop
Thompson Shuswap Master Gardener Association

Next Meeting: November 6, 2019, 5:30 – 7:30
@ Mount Paul Community Food Centre
140 Laburnum Street
Food Hub Public Engagement

Chair: Deanna
Set Up: Alexis, Mike
Clean Up: Matt G.

Network Meeting
October 2

Mount Paul Community Food Centre will host one of several Eat Think Vote events being held across the country, led by Food Secure Canada in partnership with Community Food Centres Canada.

Federal candidates Iain Currie, Green Party, Terry Lake, Liberal Party, and Kira Cheeseborough, Animal Protection Party, will discuss poverty and food security issues, as well as present each party’s plans to address food insecurity, poverty, and poor health in Kamloops and across the country.

Mount Paul Community Food Centre will host a light meal, in addition to the Kamloops Food Policy Council’s monthly potluck. Bring a dish to share, if you like, and we look forward to seeing you there!

5:30 – 7:30 PM
140 Laburnum Street

EAT THINK VOTE Agenda